Saturday, May 04, 2013

Waziri Mpya Italy ni Mweusi Mwenye Asili ya Congo - Apambana na Ubaguzi

Waziri Cecile Kyenge wa Italy

ROME (AP) - Italy's first black Cabinet minister, targeted by racist slurs following her appointment last week, said Friday that Italians aren't racist but that some are merely ignorant of other cultures and the "richness" that immigration can bring.

   Congolese-born surgeon Cecile Kyenge held a news conference to introduce herself to Italians so they could get to know her.

   "I am not `colored.' I am black. It's important to say that. I emphasize it proudly," she said.

   Kyenge's appointment as integration minister had been hailed as a big step for Italy, which has only recently had to cope with waves of immigration and the resulting problems of integration into a largely homogeneous society.

   But the move prompted racist taunts from xenophobic politicians and members of neo-fascist Internet groups - a reaction so vile the government authorized its anti-discrimination office to investigate. (One European parliamentarian from the anti-immigrant Northern League party called her a member of a "bongo bongo government.")

   Kyenge thanked her defenders, but refrained from lashing out at her detractors. She stressed that Italy has a long tradition of welcoming foreigners and that that tradition must be appreciated anew and applied in daily life.

   "In reality, Italy isn't a racist country," she told reporters. The problem, she said, is ignorance of the "other."

   "We need to knock down these walls: Until you know the other, skepticism grows, discrimination grows," she said. "At this point, what is identified as racism has at its base not knowing other cultures. Because in reality, immigration is a richness. Diversity is a resource."

   Kyenge, 48, was born in Congo and moved to Italy three decades ago to study medicine. An eye surgeon, she lives in Modena with her Italian husband and two children. She was active in local center-left politics before winning a seat in the lower Chamber of Deputies in February elections, and Premier Enrico Letta brought her into his coalition government last week.

   "We hope she will start a new era for Italy, let's hope!" said Kaius Ikejezie, a Nigerian shopping at Rome's Piazza Vittorio market on Friday.

   Kyenge has said her priority would be to work to make it easier for children born in Italy to immigrant parents to obtain Italian citizenship. Currently, such children can only apply when they are 18.

   "We have people who are born and raised in Italy who don't have an identity," she said. "They don't feel Italian and they don't feel that they belong to their parents' homeland. We need to start from here."

   She offered her own experience as an example of the discrimination that confronts non-Italians living here legally and able to contribute to society: Despite having finished at the top of her class in medical school, Kyenge said she couldn't get work in an Italian hospital for two years because she wasn't a citizen.

   "I have always fought against any form of discrimination and racism," she said. But she is realistic too of the limitations of her office, the requirements for a "cultural change" and the precariousness of a government made up of longtime political rivals.

   "It could be that today I leave the ministry unable to get any results," she said. "But I have to be able to put in place a basis for all those changes that are so longed-for, for all those dreams."

   Unlike France, which has had two or more generations of immigrants and several ministers of African origin, Italy is a relative newcomer to immigration. Foreigners made up about 2 percent of Italy's population in 1990; currently the figure stands at 7.5 percent, according to official statistics bureau Istat.

Mh. Mama Cecile Kyenge na baadhi ya Mwawziri Wenzake wa Italy


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